Porto, the Unvanquished City

I bring you some photographs of the city I was born in, Porto (or Oporto), in Portugal, from around the Edwardian Era. This is the second biggest city in Portugal, and one with a very rich history. It is known as the “Cidade Invicta”, or the “Unvanquished City”, for standing undefeated against many invasions.

Santa Catarina Road, circa 1875

Military Hospital, circa 1900

 

In 1911 there were almost 190 000 people living in Porto, a city that gathered a lot of merchants and artists. Only one year before Portugal had had a revolution that put an end to the Monarchy and started the First Portuguese Republic, which would last for almost two decades.

Royal Theater of São João (St John), circa 1900

Since the city rests by the sea, its population was always very trade oriented, and it had a large bourgeois class (as opposite to Lisbon, the capital, where the nobility and the politicians lived). In the 19th century the city had a industrial revolution and turned itself into a very important hub in the Atlantic.

Lello Library, circa 1905 (still exists today)

D. Maria Bridge, circa 1877

This made it so many artists and creators of some sort went to Porto at least once. This bridge, for example, was built by Gustave Eiffel, known for the Eiffel Tower and the Statue of Liberty. This affluence turned Porto into a modern city, with a lot of caffés, theaters, bookshops, gardens, fairs, and exhibitions.

Clerigos Street, circa 1897

 

circa 1913

The outskirts of the city, though, were still very dedicated to agriculture (although decreasingly so). It was there that the famous Oporto wine was made, and still is, and the beverage was already one of the main trades of the city, and even the country.

Nossa Senhora da Guia Beach, circa 1900

Restaurant Comercial, circa 1897

 

Chinez Coffee Shop, circa 1907

And finally, some illustrations and older photographs of this quaint city by the river. I hope you liked this gallery!

circa 1865

circa 1880s

Almeida Garrett Square, circa 1900

Cordoaria Garden, circa 1900s

 

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About Diana Sousa

Diana Sousa grew up surrounded by books and classical music. Although her first love was Science-Fiction & Fantasy, History quickly claimed a place of its own by their side. Now studying Multimedia, she spends her free time writing, eating more chocolate than she should, fighting for the chair with her cats, and making nerdy references. Oh, and reading. Carpe Librum!

  • Rosemary

    Wonderful pix!

  • hels

    I didn’t realise you were from Porto!! I love the leisure photos (coffee shop, restaurant, theatre etc) and will link it to my post on Porto straight away.

    Many thanks

    Hels
    http://melbourneblogger.blogspot.com.au/2012/10/portugals-gift-to-world-port-wine.html

  • Elizabeth Varadan

    This was a wonderful trip back in time. My husband and I went to Porto for three days last year. It still has so much color and charm.

  • Elisa

    Thanks for sharing! Portugal is on my list of places to visit in Europe.

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